Here's an e-mail I wrote on the VST mailing list talking about how to map VST parameters (in the range 0-1) to other more musically useful values:

[back]

You probably want exp(a*x+b)+c. The reason is that exp() won't quite
go down to 0 no matter what the input, and it's probably more convenient
to work in the range exp([1,log(2)]) and subtract one. Set

a = (log(2)-1);
b = 1;
c = -1;
x = your-input-value-in-the-range-[0,1]
actualValueA = exp(a*x+b)+c;

This results in an exponential response in the range [0,1] from the
range [0,1].

You may also wish to just raise the input to some power, say 2. That
would mean:

actualValueB = x*x;

It serves the same purpose of giving more resolution towards the bottom
end, without all the complication :-)

You also probably want the inverse values, so that getParameter() can
get back a useful value (unless you just cache the input values):

invActualValueA = (log(actualValueA-c)-b)/a;

invActualValueB = sqrtf( actualValueB );

Another useful response function is the "dB" one with a special case
for 0. You map some range of dB; say, (-96,0] to the range (0,1], and
treat 0 special as "minus infinity". The functions then look like:

dBFromValue = value ? value*96-96 : -INFINITY;
gainFromDb = db == -INFINITY ? 0 : pow( 10., db/20. );
valueFromDb = db == -INFINITY ? 0 : (db+96)/96;
dbFromGain = gain ? log10( gain ) * 20 : -INFINITY;

Cheers,

/ h+

Disclaimer: I'm doing algebra in my head on a Sunday morning while I'm
having some Irish Coffee.

> -----Original Message-----
> From: VST PlugIns [mailto:vst-plugins@lists.steinberg.net]On Behalf Of
> Toby Newman
> Sent: Sunday, April 14, 2002 8:36 AM
> To: VST PlugIns
> Subject: [vst-plugins] Re: A new free VST plugin
>
>
>
>
> > Maybe you could make the controls a bit more user-friendly, as some of
> > the most interesting settings are right at the bottom of the range, so
> > you could make them respond logarithmically... y = exp(a * x + b)
>
> > Paul.
>
>
> Very good idea. Could you extrapolate a little on how this is done?
>
> y = exp(a * x + b)
>
> What do each of these letters stand for?